novel 2-acryloxymethylanthraquinone in radiation curing
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The polymerisation activity was studied using methyl methacrylate (MMA) and analysis of the cure rate was measured using the gravimetric method. All the compounds are shown to be highly dependent on the structure. However, the rate of polymerisation (Rp) was reduced in the presence of amine. This is consistent with other results, proving the behaviour of derivatives with n-¦Ð* configuration. 

Hardness tests for all compounds took place using a different formula of acrylated resin/monomer systems. The excited state characteristics of the methyl derivatives have also been examined using micro and nanosecond flash photolysis. Triplet absorption spectra of all the anthraquinone derivatives show a significant red shift in the region of 340-370 nm with increasing solvent polarity due to stabilisation of the lowest triplet state by solvent reorganization. 

Hydrogen atom abstraction takes place in 2-propanol, forming a semiquinone radical. In the presence of the tertiary amine, triethylamine, all anthraquinone derivatives show the formation of intermediary species related to either the exciplex or the radical ion pair. Under aerobic conditions, the first decay rate for all anthraquinone derivatives increases and showed oxygen to be a good quencher with a bimolecular rate constant of around 2 ¡Á 108 mol. dm−3 s−1. Relative to benzophenone, the molar absorption coefficient, ¦Å, and quantum yield of intersystem crossing, ¦µISC were calculated, and it is summarised that the value for ¦µISC for all compound is less than 1.00 and controls to a major extent their photochemical activities.

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